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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Ménière's disease

*

* Not a rare disease

Other Names for this Disease

  • Meniere disease
  • Meniere's disease
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Treatment

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How might Ménière's disease be treated?

At the present time there is no cure for Ménière's disease, but there are several safe and effective medical and surgical therapies that are available to help individuals cope with the symptoms.[1][2] The symptoms of the disease are often controlled successfully by reducing the body’s retention of fluids through dietary changes (such as a low-salt or salt-free diet and no caffeine or alcohol).[3] Medications such as antihistamines, anticholinergics, and diuretics may lower endolymphatic pressure by reducing the amount of endolymphatic fluid.[4] Eliminating tobacco use and reducing stress levels may also help lessen the severity of symptoms.[3]

Symptoms such as dizziness, vertigo, and associated nausea and vomiting may respond to sedative/hypnotics, benzodiazepines like diazepam and anti-emetics.[4]

Different surgical procedures are an option for individuals with persistent, debilitating vertigo. Labyrinthectomy (removal of the inner ear sense organ) can effectively control vertigo, but sacrifices hearing and is reserved for patients with nonfunctional hearing in the affected ear. Vestibular neurectomy, selectively severing a nerve from the affected inner ear organ, usually controls the vertigo while preserving hearing but carries surgical risks. Recently, the administration of the ototoxic antibiotic gentamycin directly into the middle ear space has gained popularity worldwide for the control of vertigo associated with Ménière's disease.[3]

An article published in the journal Lancet in August 2008, written by Sajjadi and Paparella, reviews treatment options and strategies for individuals with Ménière's disease. Click here to view the abstract of this article. To obtain the complete article, the NLM Web site has a page for locating libraries in your area that can provide direct access to journals (print or online) or where you can get articles through interlibrary loan and Loansome Doc (an NLM document-ordering service). Click on NLM Web site to access this page or go to the following link: http://nnlm.gov/members/. You can also contact the NLM toll-free at 888-346-3656 to locate libraries in your area.

Last updated: 3/12/2013

References
  1. Timothy C. Hain. Meniere's Disease. American Hearing Research Foundation. 2008; http://www.american-hearing.org/disorders/menieres-disease/. Accessed 2/9/2011.
  2. Sajjadi, H and Paparella, M. Meniere's disease. Lancet. August 2, 2008;
  3. Ménière's Disease . National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD). 2010; http://www.nidcd.nih.gov/health/balance/meniere.asp. Accessed 2/9/2011.
  4. Ménière's disease . MedlinePlus. 2010; http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000702.htm. Accessed 2/9/2011.


Clinical Trials & Research for this Disease

  • ClinicalTrials.gov lists trials that are studying or have studied Ménière's disease. Click on the link to go to ClinicalTrials.gov to read descriptions of these studies.
  • The Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tool (RePORT) provides access to reports, data, and analyses of research activities at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), including information on NIH expenditures and the results of NIH-supported research. Although these projects may not conduct studies on humans, you may want to contact the investigators to learn more. To search for studies, click on the link and enter the disease name in the "Terms Search" box. Then click "Submit Query".
Other Names for this Disease
  • Meniere disease
  • Meniere's disease
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.