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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Branchiootorenal syndrome

Other Names for this Disease
  • BOR syndrome
  • Branchio oto renal syndrome
  • Branchiootorenal dysplasia
  • Melnick-Fraser syndrome
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How might branchiootorenal syndrome be treated?

Hereditary hearing loss conditions, in general, tend to be managed by a team that includes an otolaryngologist, an audiologist, a clinical geneticist, a pediatrician, sometimes an educator of the Deaf, a neurologist, and in case of branchiootorenal syndrome, a nephrologist (kidney doctor). Treatment of hearing loss may include determining which aids would be most helpful, for example hearing aids or vibrotactile devices; cochlear implantation may be considered in children over age 12 months with severe-to-profound hearing loss. Early hearing intervention through amplification, surgery, or cochlear implantation may be recommended for children who are at risk to lose their hearing before they learn to speak.[1]

People with hereditary hearing loss often require regular follow-up with a hearing specialist such as an audiologist to monitor stability or progression of the hearing loss.[1]

Treatment of branchial fistulae or cysts may require surgery. For people with branchiootorenal syndrome and severe kidney malformations or complications, dialysis or kidney transplant may be required.[2]

Last updated: 2/28/2011

  1. Smith RJH, Van Camp G. Deafness and Hereditary Hearing Loss Overview. GeneReviews. 2008; Accessed 1/8/2010.
  2. Niaudet P. Branchiootorenal (BOR) syndrome. Orphanet. 2007; Accessed 1/8/2010.

Management Guidelines

  • GeneReviews provides current, expert-authored, peer-reviewed, full-text articles describing the application of genetic testing to the diagnosis, management, and genetic counseling of patients with specific inherited conditions. Click on the link to view the article on this topic.